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To install a Bluetooth device, you only have to connect it. Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) includes drivers for many Bluetooth devices. If Windows does not recognize a Bluetooth device, you can still use it by using the generic software support that Windows includes, or you can use the driver that the device manufacturer provides. To add a Bluetooth device to your computer, you can use the Add Bluetooth Device Wizard. To configure a Bluetooth connection, you use the Bluetooth Devices item in Control Panel.
You can join an ad hoc network between Bluetooth devices by using Personal Area Networking (PAN). When you use PAN, your computer and other Bluetooth devices use TCP/IP networking to communicate. If you have a Bluetooth device that supports dial-up networking, you can use it as a modem. You can use the Add Printer Wizard to use a Bluetooth printer wirelessly. Finally, you can transfer files between Bluetooth-ready computers or devices by using Bluetooth. This article includes step-by-step procedures for these tasks.
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This article describes how to install and configure a Bluetooth device in Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2).
Note If you install a Bluetooth adapter that is not supported in Windows XP SP2, follow the recommendations that the Bluetooth adapter's manufacturer provides.
Installing a Bluetooth adapter that is on the list of supported adapters for Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) is only a matter of connecting the device. No configuration is needed before you make the connection.
When you install a supported Bluetooth adapter in Windows XP SP2, the adapter becomes active together with the following Microsoft components:
These components are available in Device Manager after you install a Bluetooth adapter. Other drivers and components are also installed.
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If you connect a Bluetooth adapter to your computer that Windows does not recognize, Windows XP SP2 may provide generic software support. If you experience problems with the generic software support, you can install the third-party provided driver that was included with the Bluetooth adapter.
For additional information about the Bluetooth radio drivers that are included in Windows XP SP2, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 841803 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/841803/ ) List of Bluetooth radio drivers that are included in Windows XP Service Pack 2
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You can use the Bluetooth Devices item in Control Panel to configure Bluetooth settings. By using Bluetooth Devices, you can do one or more of the following:
In Bluetooth Devices, the Devices tab shows all the devices that are currently configured on your computer. By using the Devices tab, you can add a device, remove a device, or view the properties of a device.
When you view the properties of a Bluetooth device, you see the following information:
You can also change the name that Windows uses for the device. This change also affects the name that is used by the Bluetooth File Transfer Wizard and by Add Modem.
The Services tab shows information about the services that the device supports. For example, when a Bluetooth phone or a personal digital assistant (PDA) is connected to your computer, this tab may show COM ports that are available for synchronization. This tab may also show Internet dial-up networking connections. You can also select the services that you want to use.
The Options tab in Bluetooth Devices provides options that control how devices discover and connect to your computer. The main option is Turn discovery on. This option lets devices discover your computer so that you can make a connection.
Other options on this tab include the following:
Other options on the Options tab let you turn on or turn off the Bluetooth icon in the notification area and restore default settings.
Typically, your Bluetooth-enabled computer will discover other devices. Therefore, you only have to turn on the Turn discovery on option when your computer acts as a device. For example, you might want to turn on this option when your computer is connected to another computer by a Personal Area Network (PAN). When computers are connected by a PAN, one of the computers must have discovery turned on.
By default, discovery is not turned on in Windows XP SP2, because a discoverable Bluetooth device may be less secure than a device that is not discoverable. We recommend that you keep the Turn discovery on check box cleared unless you want another Bluetooth device to discover the computer. When the connection is complete, the Add Device Wizard turns off discovery automatically.
You can add an incoming port that receives a connection from a Bluetooth device, or you can add an outgoing port that makes a connection to a Bluetooth device. To connect to a Bluetooth device using a COM port, follow these steps:
Bluetooth devices that use a COM port require special programs on your computer. These programs are typically included with the device. You can also obtain these programs from the device manufacturers. To set up your program to use a COM port, follow the instructions in the program documentation.
The Hardware tab in Bluetooth Devices lists the Bluetooth devices that are installed on your computer. This is the same list that is shown in the Bluetooth Radios category in Device Manager. When you select a device in the list and then click Properties, you see the same device properties as you would see in Device Manager.
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When you add a Bluetooth device to your computer, address information is exchanged. Sometimes, access keys are also exchanged. This process is known as pairing or bonding the two devices. When you add a device, one of the devices must be discoverable. Some devices let you turn discovery on and off, and others are always discoverable. For example, some mouse devices are always discoverable.
When you use Bluetooth to connect two computers, the computer that is added as a device must have discovery turned on. You can turn on discovery by using the Options tab in Bluetooth Devices.
To add a device, follow these steps on your computer:
When you enter the passkey, your computer tries to connect to the device to verify the passkey. When you connect to another computer, you receive a message that the computers are trying to connect.
When you have completed the steps on your computer, enter the passkey on the Bluetooth device. If the device is another computer, this computer displays a message that indicates that you are requesting a connection. Follow these steps on the computer that you are adding as a Bluetooth device:
When the passkey is verified, the connection is complete. The device is now visible on your computer. If the device is another computer, its computer name is visible on the first computer.
On the last page of the Add Bluetooth Device Wizard, you can turn discovery off on the computer that you add as a device. By default, the option to turn discovery off is selected so that the computer does not remain discoverable at all times.
After a device is added, it appears in Bluetooth Devices. You can view the device properties to examine the services provided, to change the name of the device, or to gather other information. You can also establish connections.
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Personal Area Networking (PAN) provides ad hoc networking between Bluetooth devices. All devices that you want to network must support PAN to create a PAN network. To join a PAN network, you can use any one of the following methods:
Each of these methods opens the Bluetooth Personal Area Network Devices dialog box. This dialog box shows a list of devices that you can connect to. You can also add or remove devices from this list by using the options at the bottom of the dialog box.
To make a connection, click the device that you want to connect to, and then click Connect. When the connection is complete, TCP/IP networking is available between your computer and the other device. (If you click a device that you are already connected to, the Connect button becomes a Disconnect button.)
Note When both PAN devices in a connection are Windows XP-based computers, the connection is a point-to-point connection, and you cannot use one computer to act as a router to a local area network (LAN) or to the Internet. To do this, you need a network access point (NAP).
Windows uses Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) to assign addresses to the computers in an ad hoc network. When APIPA is used, the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is not needed. To view the APIPA address, type ipconfig at a command prompt, and then press ENTER. You receive output that is similar to the following:
Ethernet adapter Bluetooth Network Connection: Connection-specific DNS Suffix . : Autoconfiguration IP Address. . . : 169.254.143.66 Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.0.0 Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
The General tab on the Status dialog box shows the connection speed and the packet transmission information for the connection. The Support tab is the same as for other network connections. By using the Support tab, you can view information about IP addressing information, obtain details about the connection, or repair the connection.
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In Windows XP SP2, you can add a Bluetooth device that has support for dial-up networking as a modem. To do this, follow these steps:
If you configure Windows to detect modems while a Bluetooth adapter is connected, Windows automatically opens Select Bluetooth Device when it detects a Bluetooth device that has support for dial-up networking.
After you select a device, you can configure the device by using Phone and Modem Options. To connect to the Internet, you can create a new connection in the Network Connections folder.
Windows XP SP2 supports Bluetooth printers. You can use the Add Printer Wizard to access printer features. To start the Add Printer Wizard, click Start, click Printers and Faxes, and then click Add a printer.
When you select A Bluetooth printer in the Add Printer Wizard, your computer searches for Bluetooth printers. When your computer locates a printer, you can select it to install. To install the printer, you have to install drivers for the printer, just as you do for any other type of printer.
When the printer is installed, the printer port appears as a Bluetooth virtual printer port on the Ports tab of the printer's Properties dialog box.
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You can transfer one file at a time between your computer and another Bluetooth device by using the Bluetooth File Transfer Wizard. For example, you can transfer files between your computer and a mobile phone or a PDA. You can also transfer files between two computers that use Bluetooth.
To send a file to another computer, follow these steps:
To receive a file from another computer, follow these steps:
August 27, 2004 - Revision: 1.6